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新概念英语第一册语法总结:动词的变化

成人英语 2020-12-16 04:1559未知admin

  1) 代词及be动词

  主格 I we you you she/he/it they

  宾格 me us you you her/him/it them

  代词所有格 my our your your her/his/its their

  名词性代词 mine ours yours yours hers/his/its theirs

  be动词现在时 Am are are are is are

  be动词过去时 was were were were was were

  2) 名词的复数

  规则变化的名词复数形式

  规则1 一般情况+s e.g. shell→shells toy→toys

  规则2 以s, x, ch, sh结尾+es e.g. fox→foxes church→churches

  规则3 以o结尾+s或+es e.g. radio→radios potato→potatoes

  规则4 以f, fe结尾的,变f, fe为ves e.g. life→lives half→halves

  规则5 以辅音字母+y结尾, 变y为i+es e.g. sky→skies study→studies

  3) 动词的第三人称单数形式

  规则1 一般情况+s e.g. like-likes, look-looks

  规则2 以s, x, ch, sh和o结尾+es e.g. do-does, catch-catches

  规则3 以辅音字母+y结尾, 变y为i+es e.g. carry-carries, fly-flies

  4) 动词现在分词

  规则1 一般动词加-ing e.g. look-looking, read-reading, play-playing

  规则2 以不发音的字母结尾的单词去e加-ing e.g. make-making, take-taking, arrive-arriving

  规则3 重读闭音节词结尾, 即单词中只有一个元音字母,其后紧跟一个辅音字母的词,双写辅音字母再加-ing e. g. run-running, sit-sitting, get-getting, swim-swimming, stop-stopping

  5) 动词过去式

  规则动词变化

  规则1 一般动词加-ed e.g. look-looked, watch-watched, play-played

  规则2 以e结尾的加-d e.g. close-closed, arrive-arrived

  规则3 以辅音字母y结尾的变y为i加-ed cry-cried, carry-carried

  规则4 重读闭音节词结尾, 即单词中只有一个元音字母,其后紧跟一个辅音字母的词,双写辅音字母再加-ed stop-stopped

  过去式的读音

  在

清辅音后面(除外)读/t/ e.g. walked, jumped

  在浊辅音和元音后读/d/ e.g. washed, watched

  在/t/,/d/后读/id/ e.g. waited, hated

  6) 形容词和副词的比较级和高级

  比较级

  规则1 一般加-er e.g. high-higher

  规则2 以e结尾加-r nice-nicer

  规则3 以辅音字母加y结尾,变y为i再加-er busy-busier

  规则4 重读闭音节结尾, 双写辅音字母再加-er fat-fatter

  高级

  规则1 一般加-est e.g. high-highest

  规则2 以e结尾加-st nice-nicest

  规则3 以辅音字母加y结尾,变y为i再加-est busy-busiest

  规则4 重读闭音节结尾, 双写辅音字母再加–est fat-fattest

  7) 常见缩写:

  is=’s I am=I’m are=’re

  is not=isn’t /iznt/ are not=aren’t /a:nt/

  do not=don’t

  does not=doesn’t

  was=’s

  did not=didn’t

  can not=can’t

  have=’ve

  has=’s

  have not=haven’t

  has not=hasn’t

  will=’ll

  will not=won’t

  shall not=shan’t

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