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小学英语常用不规则动词词汇表

成人英语 2020-12-10 11:3759未知admin

  1.A—A—A型(现在式、过去式和过去分词同形)

  read read read 读

  put put put 放下

  cost cost cost 花费

  cut cut cut 割,切

  hit hit hit 打

  let let let 让

  hurt hurt hurt 伤

  2. A—B—A型(现在式和过去分词同形)

  become became become 变

  come came come 来

  3. A—A—B型(现在式和过去式同形)

  beat beat beaten 打

  run ran run 跑

  4. A —B —B型

  (1)在动词原形后加一个辅音字母d或t构成过去式或过去分词。

  hear heard heard 听见

  burn burnt burnt 燃烧

  learn learnt learnt 学习

  mean meant meant 意思

  (2)把动词原形的 后一个辅音字母“d”改为“t” 构成过去式或过去分词。

  build built built 建筑

  lend lent lent 借给

  send sent sent 送

  lose lost lost 失去

  spend spent spent 花费

  (3)其他

  pay paid paid

  付 lay laid laid 下蛋

  say said said 说

  bring broug

  buy boug

  think thoug

  sleep slept slept 睡

  keep kept kept 保持

  sweep swept swept 扫

  stand stood stood 站

  understand understood understood 明白

  win won won 得胜

  shine shone shone 发光

  catch caug

  teach taug

  feel felt felt 觉得

  fig

  find found found 发现

  get got gotten 得到

  hang hung hung挂

  hang hanged hanged 绞死

  have had had 有

  hold held held 盛,握

  leave left left 离开

  make made made 制造

  meet met met 遇见

  sell sold sold 卖

  shoot shot shot 射击

  tell told told 告诉

  smell smelt/smelled smelt/smelled 嗅,闻

  sit sat sat 坐

  dig dug dug 挖

  5. A—B—C型(现在式、过去式和过去分词都不相同)

  (1)在动词原形后加-n或-en构成过去分词。

  eat ate eaten 吃

  fall fell fallen 落下

  steal stole stolen 偷

  give gave given 给

  freeze froze frozen 冻结

  take took taken 拿

  see saw seen 看见

  write wrote written 写

  ride rode ridden 骑

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